Essay on Women Permanent Service Commission

Permanent commission for lady officers in indian army, permanent commission in army upsc

The women of India have often been an active part in protecting our motherland and its countrymen during the times of war and have fought alongside men. Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi, is one such example, she is considered to be a symbol of resistance to British rule in India and one of the greatest leaders of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. To protect her city and its people, she formed an army.

She fought the British forces, despite being a woman in a 19th century India where a woman leading an army was something unimaginable. Even though she Martyrdom in combat, due to her bravery, fierceness and immense love for her people, she is still alive in the heart of millions of Indians, as a perfect embodiment of woman empowerment and gender equality.

Even during the British rule, the role of women in the Indian Army has been noticeable. The women have a glorious history of serving the Indian Army, starting from the times of World War I and World War II to the present day. Though, women were officially allowed in the Indian Armed Forces (IAF) in 1992.

There were many restriction and regulation on the women officers, especially regarding the grant of permanent commission, primarily based on gender biases. There have been multiple court battles for equal rights without satisfactory results. Still, finally in July 2020, the apex court gave its decision on the appeal debarring all the discriminations and stereotypes, providing true equality to the women officers in the IAF.

Women in Army: Background of the case

The role of women in the Indian Army began in late 1888 when the “Indian Military Nursing Service” was formed during the British rule. These women had fought in both World War I (1914–18) and World War II (1939-45), where 350 of these brave souls either lost their lives in combat or, were declared missing.

The official introduction of women in the Indian Armed Forces after its independence began in the year 1992.

They were commissioned for five years in selected few streams such as – Intelligence Corps, Army Education Corps, Corps of Signals and Corps of Engineers. The women recruits were selected under the Women Special Entry Scheme (WSES), which had a shorter training period than their male counterparts who were commissioned under the Short Service Commission (SSC) scheme.

Later in 2006, the SSC scheme was extended to women officers as well, replacing the WSES scheme. This allowed them to serve a maximum of 14 years as SSC officers. While women could only join through SSC, and they could not opt for permanent commission, the male SSC officers could opt for permanent commission at the end of 10 years of service. As a result, the women SSC officers at the end of their service could not qualify for a pension, as it’s only available for those with more than 20 years of service as an officer.

Permanent Service Commission: The battle in the courts

Demanding the grant of permanent commission (PC) to women SSC officers in the army, a PIL was filed before the Delhi High Court in 2003. On 16th October 2006, another writ petition was filed by Major Leena Gurav demanding the same.

In September 2008, the Defence Ministry heard the pleas and passed an order to grant permanent commission to SSC women officers, but only to the officers in the Judge Advocate General (JAG) and the Army Education Corps (AEC) departments. This did not satisfy their demands as PC was only granted prospectively, and only in certain specified streams; therefore, this circular was challenged before the Delhi High Court.

2003, 2006, and 2008 challenges were heard by the High Court together, and it passed judgment in 2010. It ruled that women officers of the Air Force and Army on SSC who had sought PC but were no granted shall be entitled PC. Though, this was only available to women officers in service who had instituted proceedings before the High Court, and retired during the pendency of the writ petitions.

Although the High Court judgment was not stayed, the directions given by them were not implemented by the Defence Ministry and the order was challenged in the Supreme Court. The government passed an order in February 2019 for the grant of PC to SSC women officers in 8 streams of the Army in addition to the JAG and AEC. Although any command appointments would not be offered to them, and they would be allowed to serve only in staff posts.

During the hearing, the government proposed, that the women officers with up to 14 years of service would be granted PC, women officers with more than 14 years of service will be given permissions to serve up to 20 years and would be offered retirement with pension and for those with more than 20 years of service would be released immediately with the provision of pension.

The Supreme Court’s decision on Permanent Service Commission

The government presented other arguments before the SC to justify the proposal on the grounds of PC, grants of pension, for discrimination against women, SSC as a support cadre, and rationalization on physiological limitations for employment in appointing staff.

Though the SC has rejected these arguments; as they were said to be based on gender-based stereotypes premised on assumptions and also which discriminate against women. Moreover, it also said that it only shows the necessity of bringing “change in mindsets” to achieve true equality in the Army.

The Defence Ministry has issued a letter to grant PC to women officers in the Indian Army on 23rd July 2020. In addition to the existing streams of Advocate General, Judge, and Army Educational Corps, this order allows PC to the SSC women officers in all ten streams of the Indian Air Force (Army Air Defence, Signals, Army Aviation, Army Ordnance Corps, Engineers, Electronics, Mechanical Engineers, Army Service Corps, and Intelligence Corps).

The SC has abolished all the regulations and discriminations based on the years of service for the grant of PC in all ten streams of combat support arms and services. It brings the SSC women officers at par with the male officers. However, the most significant and far-reaching aspect of the judgment is the removal of the restriction of women officers only being allowed to serve in staff appointments.


The decision by the SC is a huge step in the right direction for the country, as women in the Indian Armed Forces have had a demonstrated history of being excellent officers, the removal of these regulations will further open windows of opportunities for them. It will not only bring change in the training, pension, and promotion process for the SSC women officers but also bring significant change in the mindset of people.

With proper training, the women officers will have just as much to contribute as their male counterparts. Such an example can be seen as a case of Avani Chaturvedi, Mohana Singh and Bhawana Kanth. They were the first-ever Indian women pilots to undergo fighter pilot training in 2018. And as a result of proper training and equal opportunities, in 2019, Lieutenant Bhawana Kanth became the first Indian woman fighter pilot in the of the Indian Air Force and created history.

The SC’s progressive decision is excellent in bringing true equality in the Indian Army, as the senior military and political leadership will have no choice but to put an end to the artificial hurdles created based on a stereotype.

Essay on Women Empowerment

women empowerment essay upsc, women empowerment in India, article on women’s empowerment in 1000 words

Women Empowerment: When I was young, I remember how we used to chant BHARAT MATA KI JAI in a school assembly. Back then, I don’t apply to get its meaning as this is how we as kids are, without knowing the single word of prayer we use to sing only to show our teachers that we are not silent standing like zombies. Things changed, once I started growing up because now I was questioning why, how, when, etc. One beautiful day, I went to one of my teachers and asked why we say Bharat Mata, not Bharat pita, one must be thinking what kind of stupid question is this, but it is very logical! She told me how it indicates the importance of women in our life. Our country is so sacred that we give it a very pure position of OUR MOTHER in our life and what a mother is to us. I don’t need to describe this, as we are very well aware of it.

This is not it; we must have read somewhere about “MOTHER NATURE” who provides us all sort of necessary things what a human being needs to live on this earth. All these very well show the importance of women in everyone’s life.

Durga, Kali, Chandi, Saraswati, Laxmi – these all goddesses depict women’s position in our society that how we place them as a god. Though women are competent to men and running family, business, country keeping shoulder to shoulder to them in today’s world, are we treating them equally? I remember how my relatives used to ask me not to play football as it is a game for boys and not for girls and this is just a tip of ice-berg, many of you must have other stories to share regarding the discrimination in our own family. Nobody thinks what a child feels when they hear these kinds of things. It makes them vulnerable to the injustice that is happening to them from very starting and maybe sometimes from their birth, which they realize later on when one makes them aware of the mishappening.

Some families still think that Girl Child is just a Liability for them; they will incur losses as she will get married one day. Her in-laws will demand dowry, which will make their bank empty, and on the other hand, boys are Asset to them because he is the one who will take care of the family. As per the UNITED NATION Report, more than 4.6 lakh girls went missing at birth on an average annually from 2001-2012.

Some are lucky enough to get a life, and they live in their condition, allowed an education, but fate is one day they have to marry and go to their husband’s home. There are many families where marital rape is being practiced, but according to them, it’s okay as women are husband’s property, he can use her as the way he wants to. Consent is not essential, even the word “consent” does not exist in the husband’s dictionary. While reading, one must be thinking that I must be talking about some other country, but no, this is India’s harsh reality. According to WHOintimate partner violence in India is the highest at 37.7% in the WHO SOUTHEAST ASIA REGION.

The dowry could be a curse that remains prevalent in our country, heading toward modernization. However, we still measure a family on the premise of what proportion can a family pay to her daughter’s in-laws; it looks like I am talking a couple of stories which was there in the past, but its a harsh reality of the present day. Dowry Prohibition Act, Indian law, enacted on the day, 1961, intended to forestall the giving or receiving of a dowry. Under the Dowry Prohibition Act, dowry includes property, goods, or money given by either party to the wedding, by the fogeys of either party or by anyone else about the wedding. In Kerala last year, a case was reported when a 27-year-old woman was starved to death by her in-laws because their demand of two lakhs in dowry wasn’t met. Nobody can believe that the Act prohibiting dowry passed in 1961 and that we are in 2020 still on the same page from where we started.

On 16th December 2012, a brutal gang rape happened in a running bus, which was a tight slap on the face of women empowerment in this country where we worship women, contradictory of it, women are not even allowed to go out at night, are not allowed to wear what they want.

2019 #Mee too campaign dug out many buried stories of eve-teasing which somehow lost in this male chauvinist society.

Above all, we can see there is a difference between a woman of past and today’s women. Now she knows how to speak for herself, she knows to fight for her rights, she knows to run a country, she knows to make her name. She successfully turned the table and came out of that “Abla Nari” image to “Aaj Ki Nari Sab par Bhari”.

Women Empowerment: Some examples are not just women but a whole institution in themselves

Mother Teresa

She was known for her compassion and kindness, who worked for the poor and children selflessly. She became a nun in 1937 after realizing the real purpose of her life. She dedicated her entire life to helping others for which she was awarded a Nobel prize in 1979.

Indira Gandhi

First and only women prime minister of our country who shown everyone that women can be a great leader. She was jailed for taking part in Quit India Movement before the independence of our country. Later on, she showed a woman could do everything a man can, and she is not at all less competent.

Kalpana Chawla

A girl from a small village of Haryana had a dream from her childhood to go into space, which she achieved when she has grown up and became First Indian Women to go into space. Though, she is not between us as her space shuttle fragmented while returning to earth from area in 2003. She proved herself and her dreams that nothing could stop her from achieving it.

Mary Kom

Mary Kom made a record by becoming World Amateur Boxing Champion six times. She is the first female boxer from India who won gold in Asian Games (2014) and Commonwealth Games (2018). A Bollywood movie was also made on her struggles of life and how she excelled through it.

As now time, things are changing, Women Empowerment became a key issue that is addressed by everyone and making people respond to this. Bollywood is playing a good role in making people aware of Women Empowerment by making women-centric movies which will enlarge knowledge of viewers minds and provide them some rebellious stuff for thought process which will somehow help them to get rid of patriarchy.



Essay on Safety of Women in India

women safety in india essay upsc

India is known all over the world for its great tradition and culture, where women are worshipped in the form of Sati, Savitri, Durga, and Lakshmi. But if we take a glance behind the curtains, the story is totally different. Indian women work in all fields like politics, banks, sports, schools, businesses, army, and many more. Due to this greater exposure of women in every field, the cases of violence against women has increased by many folds.

Women were previously restricted to corners of the house, but after globalization, the patriarchal mindset of society has changed to some extent but not to the level it was supposed to. Mindset of the people is somewhere still the same that treats males as superior to females and always tries to dominate the womenfolk. Male-dominated society uses different tools to prove their domination over the female, including domestic violence, sexual harassment, rape, acid attack, teasing, etc.

Many women are identified to be harassed, molested, assaulted, and violated every day at various places all over the country. According to a survey, around 80% of women have fear regarding their safety, and that’s why it is a prime concern in India. Women Safety is the practice and policy that aims to reduce gender-based violence and uplift women’s status in society. They cover almost 48% of the country’s total population, and they are a half participant in India’s growth and development.

We are running in an advanced era of the 21st century, and it is very shameful to say that women are not feeling safe in our nation. According to the reports of the “National Crime Records Bureau,” crime against women has shown an exponential rise in the last few years, so the safety of women has become a burning topic that should be discussed and solved.

Crime Against Women in India

Crime against women in India refers to sexual or physical abuse committed against women by their husbands, friends, relatives, or strangers. There is a big list of the activities mentioned above in India, such as an acid attack, child marriage, domestic violence, gender inequality, dowry death, female infanticide, trafficking, forced prostitution, female foeticide, etc. According to an International survey report, India is the fourth most dangerous country for women in the world.

Researches reveal that violence against women begins at home at an early age, especially in a rural area by family members. In recent decades, a sharp number of crimes have registered under ‘cruelty by husband and his relatives.’ Married women in India are subjected to violence as a routine part of their married life, and many such violence remains unreported due to certain Indian norms and cultural beliefs.

A Girl child is taught to be tolerant, and they have an immense pressure of not damaging the family’s honour. They feel violence at the child’s age in the form of gender inequality, such as the right to education, proper diet, or decision making of their life. 65% of Indian men believe that women should tolerate violence to keep the family together.

Acid attacks and rape cases are the two most dreadful crimes prevailing in Indian society, and it is found that a woman is raped every 20 minutes in India. Indian women are at high risk of being an acid attack victim compared to women of other countries. Nirbhaya rape case, Unnao rape case, Laxmi Agarwal acid attack case are some of the heart trembling misdeeds against women.

According to the statistics of the National Crime Record Bureau, the highest rate of crime against women were recorded in Chennai in 2000. However, the crime rate fell largely by 2013 in Chennai. It was just opposite in the capital city of India, Delhi. The crime rate against women in Delhi was 17.6 out of 100,000 females in 2000, which rose by 151.13 out of 100,000 females in 2013. Although, the government of India is coming forward with new laws and policies against those crimes. Let’s discuss some of the amendments implemented by the government for the upliftment of women in India.

Safety Laws of the Government of India

The government of India is committed to eliminating violence against women through various policies, laws, and programs. Many councils and their partners are rigorously working on the strategies and services to be implemented in every part of the country. There is a list of safety laws for women in India from all types of crimes against women. Some of those safety laws include Child Marriage Act 1929, Widows Remarriage Act 1856, Dowry Prohibition Act 1961, Foreign Marriage Act 1969, Equal Remuneration Act 1976, Muslim Women Act 1986, National Commission for Women Act 1990, Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005, Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Act 2013, Triple Talaq Act 2019 and many more.

The Indian government is emphasizing on women’s empowerment to control the crime rates against women. Here are some schemes that work on the prohibition of violence against women.

  • The prime minister, Narendra Modi, launched a scheme in 2015 for girls named “Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao” to save and educate the girl child. It aims to bridge the gap between boys’ birth and improve the efficiency of welfare services for girls in India.
  • One-Stop Centre Scheme, popularly known as ‘Sakhi’, was implemented on 1st April 2015 for providing shelter, police desk, medication, and counselling seminars for the victim.
  • The Support to Training and Employment Programme (STEP) aims to provide opportunities, skills, and employment to the women. It enables the woman to become self-dependent and confident.
  • The Swadhar Greh Scheme was launched by the Union Ministry of Women and Child Development in 2002. It provides rehabilitation to marginalized women such as deserted widows and victims to extremist violence.
  • A Working Women Hostel Scheme was launched to promote safe accommodation for women who work far from their homes.

Many other acts like #metoo and #time’s Up has also helped to raise the voice of silent victims and gained social attention against discrimination and violence against women. Apart from these government policies, women should step forward for their personal safety girls should be trained for self-defence and physical fitness from their childhood.

Tips for women’s safety in India

Safety of women matters a lot, whether at home, outside the home or workplaces. According to the report, it is found that every 2 out of 3 women have suffered around two to five times sexual harassment every year. In India, a woman is the symbol of ultimate power called ‘Devi-shakti’, and now the time has come to take the one’s safety in your hand. Women have to come forward first for their personal safety. They have to inbuilt confidence and feel empowered to protect themselves in any situation. And here is a list of measures that should be taken for the personal safety of women as mentioned below:

  • Self-defence techniques are the first and foremost that every woman must be aware of. They must get some proper self-defence training and technical like kicks to the groin, blocking the punch, hitting hard on eyes, etc.
  • Escape and run is a good way to reduce the risk of mishappening. Never feel ashamed to shout and gather a crowd. It will help to escape from dangerous situations.
  • Women should never feel physically weak than men because confidence can help inbuilt the power to fight for themselves. An incident in Bareilly, a girl managed to escape from a gang of boys using her physical strength and techniques.
  • Paper spray and knife can also be used to threaten and run away from the danger zone.
  • Women must have all the emergency numbers with them, and they should immediately ask for help from their family members and police.
  • They should also be alert while communicating with someone on the internet as cyber abuse is a serious concern in this technological world. It is reported that 412 complaints of cyber abuse have been filed between March and April under this lockdown period of COVID-19.
  • Women should be very cautious while driving the car or any other vehicle. They must lock the car doors while travelling and always wear a helmet while driving scooters and bikes.


In the past few years, the safety of women in India has been declined because of continuous crime against women. Women’s safety is a big social issue that needs to be solved as it inhibits the country’s development. According to the constitution of India, Women have equal rights of freedom and dignity as men, and they contribute equally to the growth of the nation. They are joining almost all the high posts and offices like the President, Lok Sabha speaker, Union Ministry, Chief Ministers, Governor, defence team, etc.

Despite the formation of various rules and regulations by India’s government, the number of crimes against women is increasing exponentially. Women’s status in the country has been terrific and offensive in the past few years. It has also decreased the confidence levels of women and hurting them mentally, physically, and socially. It’s also true that only the government should not be blamed because the safety of women is not the responsibility of the government only. Every citizen of India, especially men, should take responsibility, and there is a need to change the mindset for women.

Essay on Child Labour

1000 words essay on child labour, essay on child labour for class 10

Childhood is the most memorable phase of everyone’s life; whether the person is twenty-five years old or is sixty, he will smile and will become nostalgic sharing his childhood memories with others. The essential thing that make our childhood memorable is the love and care of the family members and playing different games with friends.

Every individual love sharing their silly childhood memories with others, but now let’s think of a person who doesn’t have anything to share, not even a single memory be it good or bad. We all felt that in our heart, right? So just imagine of a person being a child no more than ten years of age, working hard as labour with those tiny hands that now should be making sandcastles.

Child Labour is not just exploitation but deprivation of childhood from a child. That sounds awful thinking of children without a childhood, but that is very much true. Currently, more than 152 million children (5-15 years of age) are working as labour all over the globe in different sectors like agriculture, construction, waiters at ‘dhabas’ and other small restaurants.

Reasons behind Child Labour

The causes or reasons for engaging children into work are multiple, but the most typical reason is Poverty, low wages of the family members couldn’t meet the expenses of the household which force the little ones to go out for work and the prices of the day to day commodities are also making giant leaps every day, so it is almost impossible to arrange a square meal for each member of the family.

The second most common reason is debt, if the family has to take unexpected loans due to medical emergencies or crop failures then the children of the family also have to make their contribution in repaying the debt, sometimes the children studying in schools are also forced to quit school and help in repaying the loan.

Another commonly observed reason is the death of the earning head of the family, sudden death of the earning member of a family tends the children to go for work too due to loss of income. Gender discrimination also forces the girl child to do the tough household works as the boys will go to school.

A trend is also seen that if the parents were engaged in labour from a very young age, then they will send their child to work too.

Child labour during different phases

Child Labour during the Industrial Revolution in Britain

The Industrial Revolution started in 1760 and ended somewhat between 1820 and 1840 in Britain and America. This era is famous for outstanding development in the manufacturing sector as the number of factories and industries in Britain rose dramatically. The Industrial Revolution created a myriad of jobs as workers were in demand for the factories, and in Victorian Britain, the number of unemployed was not meagre.

So when the news of employment travelled to the countryside thousands of men, including children, began to march towards the cities, more workers and less number of jobs created a monopoly in the wages. Children were employed as Pauper Apprentices and Scavengers; they work in hazardous conditions which stripped many of them from their lives at a very early age. The wages and sanitation were worse, and they have to work long with inflexible work hours.

Child Labour in 20th Century

During the late19th and early 20th century children aged 5-15 years from smaller families have to work in western Countries, majorly in Colonies as agriculture labour, cottage factories, as mine workers and many night shifts lasting 12 hours. Other young children worked in factories, managing large machines. They worked in twelve- to fourteen-hour shifts, eating only during break time. The jobs of the children also involved weaving baskets, rolling cigars, picking fruit and making bowling pins. Many of these jobs required children to work several hours, sometimes even before sunrise.

Child Labour in 21st Century

Even in this developing era, we can find millions of children working in different sectors. In 2008 the ILO (International Labour Organisation) estimated that 153 million children are working as child labourers which are 20 million less than the number in 2004 in which the 60% are involved in agriculture activities such as farming, forestry, dairy and fishery. The other 25% are engaged in services like as an apprentice, hawker, and transportation of goods, in restaurants and as cobblers and trash pickers. The remaining 15% are working in factories and industries.

Countries with the majority of child labours

The surveys conducted by ILO states that the countries which are more poverty-driven have more numbers of children employed as child labours. The countries in the African continent has the highest percentage of child labours aged 5-17 and a total over 70.1 million, among which 35 million are working in hazardous conditions. Here again, the majority of children are working in the agricultural sector, especially in the cocoa farms.

After Africa, the South Asian countries have the highest percentage of child labours. India is at the top with 5.8 million then Bangladesh with 5 million followed by Pakistan with 3.8 million and then Nepal with 2 million.

In India, after the East India Company defeated Siraj-Ud-Daula the Nawab of Bengal at the Battle of Plassey on 23rd June 1757, the British thus became the ruler of (Bihar, Bengal and Orissa) the most prosperous regions of the country at that time because of rich agriculture and flourishing industries and trade. This led to many children being forced into labour due to the increasing need for cheap labour to produce large numbers of goods. Many people usually recruit children because they can be employed for less pay, and have more endurance to utilise in factory environments.

In the current times, the children from Bihar, Bengal, Orissa and Uttar Pradesh are working as labours either in their own family to reduce the cost of workers or in small cities and towns as the ‘chotu’ in restaurants or as daily wage labours.

Laws by the government regarding Child Labour

The Child and Adolescent Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act of 1986, completely prohibits the children below the age of 14 and the CLPR Act prohibits employment of a child in any work including as domestic help (except helping own family in non-hazardous occupations).

Fair Labour Standards Act (FLSA): The federal law that restricts the employment and abuse of child workers. Child labour provisions under FLSA are designed to protect the educational opportunities of the young minds and prohibit their involvement in jobs that are detrimental to their health and safety.

Conclusion of child labour essay

Child labour is a practice which reflects the inhuman and narrow-minded nature of the people in our society who use the innocence of the children to make their work done as the little one won’t complain regarding the low wages, unhygienic working environment or heavy work hours. The children don’t even know what’s happening to them until their childhood is gone.

Essay on Malala Yousafzai

Essay on Malala Yousafzai

Malala Yousafzai, the supergirl from Pakistan who was all over the tabloids in the year 2013, for her bold stand against Taliban’s oppression and crusade for girls’ education. She was chosen as the ‘Woman of the Year 2013’ by Glamour Magazine and was in the time’s list of “100 Most Influential People in the World” the same year.

“Through education, we can fight terrorism,
not through guns, not through weapons. “
                                                                    —Malala Yousafzai

Malala’s impassioned stance on education and women’s rights can be traced to her roots, since her father is an education activist himself. Malala was born on 12th July, 1997 into a Sunni Muslim family in Mingora, Swat district in North-West Pakistan. She has two younger brothers. Her father encouraged her to pursue politics and would discuss social issues with her till late at night.

When she was only 11 years old, she gave her first speech at Peshawar, where she asked “How dare the Taliban take away my basic right to education?” Thereafter, she started writing a blog anonymously under the pseudonym of  Gul Makai’.

A documentary was also filmed on her life. She grew popular and openly gave her views on television and newspapers. She was nominated for International Children’s peace prize by South African activist Desmond Tutu. Seeing her worldwide growing support, Taliban felt threatened. A gunman shot at her on 9 October, 2012. She was sent to Queen Elizabeth Hospital in England, where she recuperated. On 12th October, a ‘Fatwa’ was issued against for attempting to kill her.

Her assassination bid only strengthened her cause. A UN petition ‘I am Malala’ was launched with the aim to put all the children in school by the end of 2015. This helped in the ratification of Pakistan’s first Right to Education Bill. She also won her country’s first Youth Peace Prize and contended alongside Nelson Mandela for the Nobel Peace Prize (2013).

She was again nominated in 2014 and this time she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize and became the youngest person ever to win the Nobel prize. She was given the honour to open the world’s largest library-the Library of Birmingham.

She met Queen Elizabeth and and his family. She was conferred Europe’s most prestigious human rights åward – the Sakharov Prize. She also received a honorary degree from University of King’s College, Canada in 2014. On her birthday in 2013, observed as ‘Malala Day’, she spoke using the UN platform for education for every child in the world. Currently, she is involved in mobilising support and help for ‘Malala Fund’, which is being raised to help girls come out of poverty and illiteracy. She has also actively voiced her concern to bring back the kidnapped girls in Nigeria.

Her name literally means ‘grief—stricken’, but she chose not to lead a life Of subjugation and offered a ray of hope to millions Of girls like her. She can rightly be called an ‘incarnation of Malalai’, a Pashtun female warrior, whom she is named after. We salute her vision and courage.

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Essay on Girl Education

500+ Words Essay on Girl Education, Importance of Girl Education

Education is the basic and essential need for every single human in the world, irrespective to their gender, caste, religion or race. It doesn’t only improve the knowledge of a person but also enhance his/her quality of living. In this developing world, education is the primary base of life.

If we look at the 2011 census, India is one of the most populated countries. However, the rate of girl education is quite low at 65.46% of the total female population, where the male literacy rate is around 82.14%. It is troubling and sad to see these numbers in a nation where women are considered as goddesses.  

Benefits of Girl Education

Girls have an equal right to education as boys. Educated girls can make quality choices from a far better range of options. Educating girls will save lives and build firm family connections. Educated female population boosts a nations’ productivity and fuels economic growth. Few countries lose about $1 billion every year of their GDP due to less literacy among its female population.

Girl Education leads to Economic growth

Education for girls improves productivity and adds to economic growth. Globally, the number of women in the formal job is comparatively less than men, but studies show there are economic advantages if they are permitted to join the working force.

Educating girls and young women improves a country’s productivity and contributes to economic growth. An educated woman can get a better job with higher wages, and this will affect the gender imbalances in the workforce.

Girl Education raises Health Knowledge

That’s very much obvious that educated women will be very much concerned about the health and they will understand the necessity of sanitation, nutrition and immunity of their children which will make their children less vulnerable to diseases like diarrhoea, pneumonia and malaria or from malnutrition. A survey conducted by UNICEF states that a child born from a literate mother is 50% more likely to survive past the age of five.

Girl Education will lead to few child marriages

Better educated girls are less likely to be married during their childhood. They are more probable to have possibilities for a healthier and more flourishing life for themselves and their family members. Educated girls strengthen skills, knowledge and confidence to make bold decisions including if, when and whom to marry. Being in school also supports the attention that girls are still children and are not ready to get married.

Girl Education will develop skills to become future leaders

Educated women could be excellent leaders in politics and other organisations, whether joined or elected as they are psychologically and mentally better than men in many aspects. If women are chosen as leaders in politics, then they will focus on issues like poverty and health as they are more understandable than men. But unfortunately, the number of elected female representatives in our cabinet is just 6.

Barriers to girl education

Poverty and Child Labour – Girls from the most deprived and rural households get encountered with the disadvantages because their parents are less educated and don’t know the importance of education. Rural communities have fewer support systems or people who will make their parents informed about the importance of education; due to this, girls mostly have to work or manage their households.

Child Labour is also a significant cause which deprives the girls of being educated as they have to work from a very early age due to poverty as agricultural labourers or domestic servants and their employers won’t enrol their names in a school.

Conservative mentality of few people – Few narrow-minded people consider that educating a girl is useless and a complete waste of money and time because they think that after their marriage education won’t contribute a bit in their lives and they are also afraid that an educated girl would become independent and will bring shame to their family.

Child Marriage – Every year around 15 million girls get married before the age of 18, which is about 40,000 girls every day. Marriage affects and interrupts their education, and they don’t get enough knowledge to stand against abuses like domestic violence, and they cannot contribute to end poverty in their families. Over 60% of the girls getting married don’t even have formal education.

*Other factors like a safe environment for girls to study and disabilities among girls also raise a question before sending them to schools.

Steps taken by the government to encourage Girl Education

There are various steps taken by the government to increase net enrolment ratio of girls like giving scholarships to the meritorious students, offering free of cost education in the government schools and colleges, offering free of cost mid-day meal in the government school, arranging campaigns to promote the importance of education and establishing initiatives like the “Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan”.


Educating a girl isn’t just their right, but it is also a part of the development of our society. Women can make this world a better place, and if they are given the opportunities to prove themselves, no doubt that they will do something incredible. Few women like- Malala Yosafzai are the living examples and inspiration for the girls who want to study and do something revolutionary.

Essay on Women Entrepreneurs in India

Top 5 most successful women entrepreneurs in India

Gone are those days when starting a business on a large scale, being self-employed or, reaching a leadership position in a corporate environment was nearly impossible for women. India’s women have come a long way from just being housewives to being an equal match for even the most powerful men in the corporate world. From leading global business giants to building some of India’s most innovative startups, women have proved themselves to be efficient almost everywhere one can think of.

However, the journey to success isn’t an easy one, especially in a country like India. Most women aren’t encouraged to think big, and their capability to lead or their abilities are doubted throughout their working career. Though, some women fought against all these odds and soared higher than anybody’s expectation of them. These wonder women inspirations to millions of women in India who dream of accomplishing the same. Though, the number of these success stories is nominal. But through these inspirational stories of struggle, challenges, and success, the startup ecosystem of Indian is improving steadily with support from the government. Let’s discuss five such inspirational stories of Indian women who dreamt big and persevered their way to success.

Indu Jain

The chairmanship of one of the biggest media houses of the country, Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd falls under the control of Indu Jain. They own The Times Group, and they’re best known for their daily newspapers The Times of India, The Economic Times, and the Times now news channel. She’s an inspiration and role model for thousands of women all around the world. Though she’s one of the wealthiest women entrepreneurs in the world, she had a humble beginning. She was born and brought up in a small town of Bijnor, Najirabad. Under her leadership, the Times Group has touched many new highs, and as of 2020, her estimated net worth is more than $2.6 Billion.

Besides being the chairperson of Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd, she’s widely known by many of her identities, such as – spiritualist, humanist, entrepreneur, an educationalist. Some of the major facilities provided by the Times Group under her leadership include – research foundation, community services for natural calamities, relief funds, etc.

She has gained a lot of recognition for her social works, her mantra for that has been ‘In life whatever step I take, every step is for nothing but giving people the touch of spirituality.’ The Government Of India awarded Mrs. Indu Jain the prestigious ‘Padma Bhushan’ in January 2016. Moreover, she has been the guiding force behind The Openness Forum, launched by the President of India in 2003.

Indra Nooyi

Indra Nooyi is a business executive and best known as the former CEO of PepsiCo. Nooyi has been listed as one of the 100 most powerful women in the world. She was consistently ranked the 2nd most powerful woman on the Fortune list in 2015 and on the Forbes list of 2017. She currently serves as one of the board members of Amazon and the International Cricket Council (ICC). Nooyi holds an excellent academic background; she earned her bachelor’s degree in chemistry from Madras Christian College in 1976 and pursued a Post Graduate Programme Diploma from the Indian Institute of Management in Calcutta two years later. After that, she was admitted to Yale School of Management and moved to the USA in 1980.

Having a robust academic background, she began her career working with top MNCs such as product manager at Johnson & Johnson, a strategy consultant at Boston Consulting Group (BCG), and as the vice president and Director of Corporate Strategy and Planning Motorola. In 1994, she joined PepsiCo as the senior vice president of corporate strategy and development. She guided a major restructuring for the company.

Moreover, she oversaw the significant deals with giants like – the acquisition of Tropicana Products in 1998 and the merger with Quaker Oats Co in 2001. Due to her excellent leadership capabilities and tremendous ability to deliver results for the company, she was named the CEO in 2006. She was the first woman to lead the soft-drink giant and among the only 11 female executives of Fortune 500 companies. She has set an example for all the women who dream of making it to the top of the corporate ladder.

Vandana Luthra 

Vandana Luthra is an Indian and the founder of VLCC Health Care Ltd and the chairperson of the Beauty and Wellness Sector Skill Council (B&WSSC), that is an initiative to provide training under the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana scheme (PMKVY scheme). In 1989, Luthra started VLCC as a beauty and wellness service center in New Delhi. Toda, VLCC, has perhaps the largest operating beauty and wellness services industry in India. She has been featured in Fortune’s list of ’50 Most Powerful Women in Business in India’, consistently from 2011 to 2015.

Besides being a successful entrepreneur, she is an active philanthropist. She is the Vice-Chairperson of Khushi, which is an NGO aimed towards providing facilities to the underprivileged and physically challenged. Acknowledging her various philanthropic and social works, In April 2003, she was given the Padma Shree award by the President of India.

Falguni Nayar 

Falguni Nayar, the founder of Nykaa, is one of India’s leading biggest online fashion and lifestyle portals. Nayar has worked as a venture investor and merchant with Kotak Mahindra for 20 years. After years of service, she decided to follow her dreams; therefore, she quit her job and started her venture. Capitalizing on the scope of beauty products, she started Nykaa in 2012. Upon its arrival, it created a storm in the market of beauty products.

Today, it is one of the most favored brands among Indian women, with more than 850 brands to offer and the introduction of several physical stores. Nayar’s mantra for success has been “Think big but start small”. Over the years, the brand has received wide recognition both nationally and internationally and has bagged a number of titles such as – “Most powerful business “by Business Today and the Economic Times’ “woman Ahead” award. The company has partnered with Femina since 2014.

Kiran Mazumdar Shaw

Kiran Mazumdar Shaw is an Indian billionaire entrepreneur. She serves as the chairperson and managing director of Biocon Limited. Today, she is named among the wealthiest women entrepreneurs in India. Due to her outstanding contributions in science and chemistry, she has been awarded the Othmer Gold Medal. According to the 2019 Forbes list of most powerful women in the world, Shaw was ranked 65th. Moreover, she has been selected for the EY Entrepreneur of the year 2020.

Today, she’s among the most well-known entrepreneurs in the world, but her journey was not an easy one. She faced severe challenges during her initial days in getting employers, getting funding, and various social norms regarding her leadership capabilities. Though, out of sheer will power and excellent capabilities as an entrepreneur, she built the empire of her dreams. As per qualifications, she did her bachelor’s from Bangalore University in Zoology and later studied at Melbourne University in the fields of malting and brewing.


Hence, we can conclude that these exceptional women have proved that their initiatives and ventures are more than revenue and profits. Some of these women have spent years working in the corporate industry, still they chose to pursue their dreams despite all obstacles. Their stories of struggle to joining the hall of fame make them the role models that India should learn from. The achievements of women entrepreneurs in India and their story of perseverance through the difficult phases of their lives inspire millions of Indian women; it encourages them to dream beyond the boundaries, follow their passion, and embark on their journeys.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Who is the first woman entrepreneur in India?

Kiran Mazumdar Shaw, she’s the founder of Biocon India. She initially started her business out of the garage of her rented house in Bangalore. It was a joint venture which she started with limited resources, employees, and lack of funding, and various other challenges.

Who is the powerful women in India?

According to Fortune India’s list of Most Powerful Women of India in 2019, Zia Mody is ranked first. She is a corporate lawyer, and know for her negotiation skills. Kiran Mazumdar Shaw ranks second in that list

Who is the first women CEO in India?

Indra Nooyi is the first woman CEO in India according to Wikipedia. She is best known for her position as the CEO of PepsiCo.