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In our previous article, we have covered how the world is catching pace on the path of digitalization, just like every coin has two sides, in the same manner, the new technologies have another side popularly known as cybercrime. The offenders who commit the crime on the internet are known as cybercriminals. The attacks by cybercriminals in our digital space, where we communicate over the internet has gradually increased in the counts.
What is cybercrime? And who are these cybercriminals?
Cybercrime refers to any computer-oriented illegal activities, committed via the internet, network, and various forms of computer technologies. It may pose a threat to a person or nation’s security by deceiving or intercepting their conﬁdential information and can range from security breaches to identity theft. An incredulous organized and professionalized cyberattack on a nation can harm in comparison to actual warfare.
Effects of cybercrime
In 2018, a study by the center of strategic and international studies (CSIS) concluded that nearly 1% of global GDP (close to $600 billion) is lost in cybercrime every year. While most Cybercrimes are committed to generating proﬁt for cybercriminals, some of them target common people also, which attacks the victim psychologically, physically, and ﬁnancially. Due to the cheaper rate of internet and mobile phones nowadays, all computers and mobiles are connected to the internet which has increased the opportunities for cybercriminals, to commit the crime. These attacks include ﬁnancial, data compromise, hacking, and different types of proﬁt driven terrorism that are listed below:
- Phishing: Extracting personal information from internet users using fake email messages.
- Stealing identity and misusing personal information.
- Hacking- It includes misusing your website, computer network, or stealing mobile data.
- Blackmailing people for a ransom, after stealing their data from phones and computers.
- Snifﬁng: Hackers can steal your data if you are connected to an unsecured public Wi-Fi network.
- Computer virus: They are a form of Malware which can damage and steal your data and make money for the owners using your information.
Now the question is where and how these cybercriminals are active?
So, All you need to know about the dark web.
Also known as Dark Net. It is a part of the deep web, the non-indexed and encrypted part of the worldwide web that cannot be accessed by standard search engines such as Google and requires encrypted networks such as the Tor browser. It cannot be tracked easily.
cybercriminals use the dark web to shop for software, that helps them remain anonymous while carrying out their crimes.
Due to an increase in the rate of cybercrime, cybersecurity has become a significant concern for society and the government. These crimes can harm individuals as well as a company’s life.
Recent Twitter account hack case
A recent lively example of the bitcoin scam proves that cybersecurity is the top priority. On Wednesday, the twitter account of great personalities with millions of followers like Barak Obama (formal President of U.S.), Elon Musk (founder of Tesla), Bill Gates, Jeff Bezos, Joe Biden, Apple, and others has been hacked. Those hackers have scandaled an expected amount of Rupee 89 lakhs by posting a fake bitcoin offer using their twitter id at the same time.
Later on, twitter stepped against them and removed all the tweets. Currently, the U.K. National Cyber Security Center is looking into this case and has urged people to treat requests for money or sensitive information on social media with extreme caution. After these big platforms like Twitter suffered this major security issue, we may conclude that cybersecurity should never be underestimated.
How to deal with cybercrime?
We can deal with cybercrime by getting aware more about cybercrime and limited cautious internet usage, Also by below mentioned ways:-
- Keep everything up to date (like the software in your phones and computers because they fix security vulnerabilities).
- Never use an unknown Wi-Fi network without a VPN.
- Boosting our router security.
- Securing our computer using anti-virus/ Malware software.
- Protecting our data-use encryption for our most sensitive and personal ﬁles.
- Cautious when giving our personal information to a website.
- Avoid clicking on unknown links or ﬁles, and not opening any link through anonymous emails.
- Never download anything from unknown sources.
- Using strong and unique passwords for your social media or other accounts and changing them regularly.
- Even after following the measure, one meets any cyberattack, concerns the authority without compromising a minute like police, cyber cell, etc.
Understanding the seriousness of the issue in 2000 Parliament of India enacted the law, which is known as the Information Technology Act 2000 to govern, regulate and deal with the offences and offenders committing the crime on the internet.
Pertaining to the introduction of this Act, appropriate amendments were also made in the Indian Penal Code 1860 to punish and impose the liability on the offenders.
With the advancement of technology, it has made our lives easy and complicated with regards to the subject matter. Easy in a way that by just a click we could reach from one corner of a globe to another but, internet security has become a most prominent concern. By keeping the life simple, we could undertake some measures from our end as suggested above to enjoy the internet and technology without getting an adverse effect.
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